If you are unfamiliar with industry jargon and necessary specifications, choosing the right door hardware can be a daunting task. That’s why we’ve created this handy planning guide. By answering the following questions, you will ensure your new door hardware will install and function properly.
Your security and durability requirements will determine the type of door hardware you buy. The style of trim (knob, lever, or thumbgrip handle) is irrelevant at this stage — what matters is the lock function. Here are the most common configurations:
For exterior doors
For interior doors
For doors with pre-drilled holes or existing door hardware, you need to measure the backset, or distance between the edge of the door and the center of the hole. Standard residential doors usually have either a 2-3/8" or 2-3/4" backset. Knobsandhardware.com offers a search function by which you can easily find all the products that fit your backset measurement.
A stile is the outside, vertical part of a frame-and-panel door where the knob or lever is mounted. There are several reasons to measure stile width:
Stile and Backset
Also known as door handedness, the hand-of-door refers to the side with hinges (when viewed from the outside of the door). Most residential doors are left-handed and swing inwards, but closet doors and storm doors swing outwards (which is called reverse left-handed). You need to specify hand-of-door when buying non-reversible door hardware such as heavy-duty mortise locks and sets where a thumbgrip handle is used on the outside and a lever on the interior. Hand-of-door should not be confused with hand-of-lever, which applies only to half-dummy applications.
For single (half-dummy) levers, handedness is always determined by the direction in which the lever points.
Residential interior doors are usually 1-3/8" thick, while residential exterior doors are usually 1-3/4" thick. If your doors are outside those measurements, please pay special attention when purchasing door hardware. Sometimes there are conversion parts available for special thicknesses.
Handedness of Doors
Door hardware vendors assume wood construction unless hollow metal, metal-clad, or glass is specified. Materials other than wood require different fasteners.
The majority of doors sold at retail outlets have 2-1/8" cut-outs to facilitate door hardware installation. If you have a pre-drilled cut-out or existing door hardware, you need to measure the diameter of the holes (and distances between holes, in some cases) and make sure the door hardware trim (knob/lever rose or escutcheon plate) covers the openings. Some door hardware sets are especially for pre-drilled doors while others are made for custom installation.
For door hardware, center-to-center usually refers to the distance between the center of the deadbolt and the center of the knob/lever. This distance is critical for latchsets with an auxiliary deadbolt because crowding could cause problems with installation and function.
For entry doors with glass windows or doors set next to glass windows (sidelights), a double cylinder deadbolt (keyed operation on both sides) can add security since burglars do not have an inside thumbturn with which to unlock the door. On the other hand, a double cylinder deadbolt is restricted by fire code in some jurisdictions.
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